Over the years, the body loses its ability to properly absorb vitamin B12. The role of this vitamin is to help the production of red blood cells and DNA.
Yet, the human body cannot make it on its own, so we need to consume it through dietary sources. This is the reason why there are numerous people who suffer from vitamin B12 deficiency.
Moreover, it can also be a result of an imbalance of gut bacteria or medication given during chemotherapy. These are the symptoms of this health issue that you need to know in order to be able to act on time and prevent additional complications:
Fatigue- If you are feeling tired even after getting 8 hours of sound sleep, you might suffer from this deficiency. The low red blood count reduces the amount of oxygen carried throughout the body, leading to tiredness.
Dizziness: Low vitamin B12 levels can lead to frequent episodes of dizziness and vertigo
Pins and needles: Low oxygen levels in the body can lead to a feeling of electric shock waves and numbness
Shortness of breath: This is another symptom of pernicious anemia, caused by a B-12 deficiency
Mood changes, anxiety, depression: Due to the reduced levels of serotonin and dopamine
Difficulty walking: Chronic B-12 deficiency can cause damage to the nervous system, which affects the way one walks and moves.
Heart palpitations: The reduced red blood cells and hemoglobin often cause heart palpitations
Hair and nail issues: Due to the deficiency in this vitamin, the hair may become prematurely grey or fall out, and the nails can turn brown-gray.
Memory loss: The insufficient amount of red blood cells reduces the flow of oxygen and this causes foggy memory
Weak muscles: The muscles feel weak since they need oxygen, and the lack of this vitamin impedes its proper transfer throughout the body.
Red, Smooth Tongue: The little bumps on the tongue, called papillae, are lost in people suffering from B12 deficiency, leading to loss of taste.
Eye Issues: Severe vitamin B12 deficiency can damage the optic nerve and plug up the blood vessels directly in the retina, leading to blurry vision, double vision, or even vision loss.
Pale Skin: The release of bilirubin due to the breakage of red blood cells makes the skin yellowish.
In order to optimize vitamin B12 levels in the body, you need to make the needed dietary and lifestyle changes:
- Increase the intake of vitamin B12 sources, such as fish, chicken, and lamb, as well as chicken and beef liver
- Take vitamin B12 supplements, such as Methylcobalamin and Cyanocobalamin
- Avoid inflammatory foods, like fried, fast foods, packaged foods, food additives, and low-quality meats
- Take high-quality probiotics, like kefir, dark chocolate and kombucha.